Fact check 2022: The most read VERIFY stories

VERIFY published hundreds of stories this year to help people distinguish between true and false information online. Here are the five best stories to read in 2022.

There was a lot of misinformation and some surprising truths circulating online in 2022. VERIFY published hundreds of stories this year to help people distinguish between true and false information.

To look back on 2022, the VERIFY team checked which stories you read the most on our website. Here are the five best:

#5: No, 15,000 protesters in Iran have not been sentenced to death

After the death of 22-year-old Mahsa Amini in Iranian police custody in September 2022, protesters across the country called for improvements in human rights and civil liberties. Amini was arrested on charges of wearing hijab, a head covering that Iranian law requires women to wear in public.

Human rights groups estimate that the Iranian government has arrested more than 15,000 protesters. In November, several viral social media posts – including from celebrities like Peter Frampton, Sophie Turner and Viola Davis – claimed that all 15,000 of those protesters had been sentenced to death and warned of an impending mass execution.

While it is true that an estimated 15,000 protesters have been arrested in Iran, VERIFY found that the posts shared on social media claiming they had all been sentenced to death were inaccurate.

The figure of 15,000 comes from estimates by the United Nations and the News agency for human rights activists how many people in total had been arrested in Iran in connection with the protests.

but reporting indicates only at the time of sending the viral posts a person had actually been sentenced to death in connection with the protests. A few weeks later, early December 2022, Iran said it executed a prisoner the first such death penalty imposed in the country for a crime allegedly committed during the country’s ongoing nationwide protests.

Human rights experts warn that future death sentences could be imposed without warning or due process.

Iranian Human Rights Estimates As of December 27, at least 476 protesters have been killed by security forces in Iran, and another 100 face the death penalty or execution.

#4: No, you can’t steal up to $950 worth of merchandise in California under Prop 47 without consequences

Proposition 47, a law passed in California in 2014, was brought back into the public eye this year after a Fox News story.

Then-California Rep. Kevin Kiley (R-District 6), who supports efforts to repeal Proposition 47, appeared on Fox News in February. (Kiley has since been elected to the US house.)

Following Kiley’s performance, some people on social media claimed that California law allows for shoplifting and the shoplifting of items valued less than $950 it is not a crime.

While Proposition 47 reduced penalties for certain theft offenses, VERIFY found that in California, stealing goods valued up to $950 is not legal.

The proposal reorganized certain theft offenses from felonies to misdemeanors. according to California dishes. It created a new offense called “shoplifting,” punishable by up to six months in prison, a fine of up to $1,000, or both.

Shoplifting is defined in the California Penal Code as “entering a commercial facility with intent to commit theft while that facility is open during normal business hours, the value of property that is stolen or is attempted to be stolen not exceeding $950 “.

Before the passage of Proposition 47, shoplifters were usually charged under state burglary statutes, which provided penalties for felonies.

#3: Yes, you can test positive for COVID-19 on PCR tests up to 12 weeks after infection

In December 2021, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) updated their COVID-19 guidance to say that people infected with the virus only need to isolate for five days if they are asymptomatic or their symptoms go away.

Some people criticized the updated guidance as there was no recommendation for people to test negative for COVID-19 before ending their isolation. In response, CDC Director Dr. Rochelle Walensky said ABC’s “Good Morning America” that one of the reasons there is no negative test recommendation is that PCR tests “can remain positive for up to 12 weeks.”

Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing for COVID-19 involves a laboratory process that can detect the genetic material of the virus that causes COVID-19. They are more sensitive than rapid antigen tests, meaning they are more likely to accurately identify a COVID-19 case.

While the high sensitivity is reliable for initially diagnosing people with COVID-19, it is far less reliable for determining whether someone is still infected with the virus. Fragments of virus material can be detected three months later, according to the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center. health authorities in Canada and the Great Britain also recognize that PCR tests can have positive results three months after a person is first diagnosed with COVID-19.

#2: Yes, there is a way to check if you received a state Pell grant

President Joe Biden announced in August that his administration would give up to $10,000 to many student borrowers and up to $20,000 to borrowers who received Pell Grants while they were in school. Student debt relief is currently on hold due to court orders blocking the forgiveness program and the application is currently closed.

When student loan forgiveness was first announced, many people searched online for information about Pell Grants and how to check if they received one.

Federal Pell Grants are typically given only to students with exceptional financial needs, the Department of Education says. They do not have to be repaid like a student loan.

Student borrowers can view their entire federal student aid history on the Federal Student Aid website operated by the US Department of Education. That includes her Pell Grant story. You can find this information on your help summary page once you have logged in to studentaid.gov with your FSA ID.

#1: Yes, warming up your car before driving in cold weather can damage the engine

VERIFY has responded to dozens of comments and messages related to this story, stemming from a viewer question. The viewer wanted to know if he rented his car warm up before hitting the road, a common practice Per many driverscan possibly damage the engine of the car.

It’s true that in cold weather, excessive idling – the practice of “warming up” your car – can lead to long-term damage to the engines of modern gas-powered vehicles, according to several sources including Complete car care from Firestone, Chuck’s auto repair shop and Smart Motor Toyota. It’s not the worst thing you can do for your engine, but it won’t do anything good – other than a warm interior.

Engines used to have to be warmed up before driving in cold temperatures, but this is no longer the case for most vehicles manufactured after 1980.

Instead of waiting for the car to warm up in winter, most manufacturers recommend starting gently after about 30 seconds to a minute because the engine warms up faster while driving.

However, the above information does not apply to owners of electric vehicles.

That TO VERIFY Team works to separate fact from fiction so you can understand what is true and what is false. Please consider subscribing to our Daily Newsletter, text notifications and our YouTube channel. You can also continue to follow us Snapchat, Twitter, Instagram, Facebook and Tick ​​tock. Learn more “

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https://www.kvue.com/article/news/verify/top-5-most-read-verify-fact-check-stories-2022/536-3134a35b-e0d8-4d02-9290-9ee6b80500b0 Fact check 2022: The most read VERIFY stories

Laura Coffey

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