January 1st is not the beginning of the new year everywhere

Some countries use calendars that start the year on dates in entirely different seasons, and some countries celebrate January 1 as well as a traditional New Year.

Coverage of the start of the New Year is never limited to just the United States. The annual New Year’s Eve in Times Square Often broadcast in live video in other countries, the broadcast shows people around the world celebrating the precise moment that the new year begins in their part of the world.

But the “New Year” is a construct,” they say a viral post from last New Years Eve. The person who wrote the post quoted a conversation with someone from Nepal who celebrates the New Year in April and is in the year 2077. Back then on September 11th, Pope Francis called for prayer for the Ethiopian people celebrating the New Year.

THE QUESTION

Does every country celebrate the beginning of the new year on January 1st?

THE SOURCES

THE ANSWER

That's wrong.

No, not every country celebrates the beginning of the new year on January 1st. Some countries use different calendars and mark the beginning of the new year at a completely different time of year, while others recognize January 1st but celebrate the new year on dates significant to their region or culture.

WHAT WE FOUND

Most countries use the so-called Gregorian calendar. This calendar, first adopted by Pope Gregory in the 15th century, establishes January 1 as the beginning of the new year and is currently in AD 2021

However, some countries work according to completely different calendars.

Both Iran and Afghanistan have used similar versions of the solar Hejrī calendar for almost a century Encyclopedia Iranica. This coming March, both countries will enter the year 1401.

Their new year begins on the first day of spring — March 21 in most years — the first day of the month of Farvardin in Iran, according to the iranian government.

Two other countries also use their own unique calendars. Nepal uses a version of the Hindu calendar and is currently in the year 2072, accordingly Nepal’s American Embassy. The year 2073 begins for Nepal on April 13th. The Ethiopian year is divided into 12 months of 30 days each, plus a 13th month of five or six days, as the case may be Ethiopian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The Ethiopian New Year is on September 11th or 12th.

Some countries, such as Israel and Bangladesh, use both the Gregorian calendar and their own calendars for different purposes. In both countries, January 1st is not a public holiday – but the New Year of the local calendar is. For Israel, which is the Jewish New Year of Rosh Hashanah, usually in September or October. For Bangladeshthe new year begins in mid-April on a date similar to Nepal’s.

One of the best-known traditional New Year celebrations is the Chinese Lunar New Year, which is based on the country’s historical lunar calendar and is often celebrated in February. China has used the Gregorian calendar since 1912 and only refers to its previous calendar to date traditional holidays. As a result, January 1st is China’s official Lunar New Year holiday – while the Lunar New Year is a seven-day holiday dubbed the “Spring Festival.” Chinese State Council English website.

But China isn’t the only country in the world to celebrate New Year’s Eve twice. Several countries celebrate Lunar New Year similar to China, such as Vietnam’s Tet Celebration that often falls in January or February. Many South Asian countries celebrate the New Year in mid-April.

indigenous communities around the world celebrate their New Year at different times of the year. The “Andean New Year”, Willka Kuti, is celebrated in South America in mid-June and was declared a national holiday in Bolivia in 2010. The Yakuts of Siberia celebrate a New Year festival from June 10 to 25 K’iche’ people of Guatemala celebrate a New Year’s ceremony every 260 days.

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Laura Coffey

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