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The US Department of Education recently announced a series of massive changes to the federal student loan system that could bring millions of borrowers closer to debt relief.
State student loans have long faced serious problems, including misinformation from their service providers, too many choices, and complicated terms. The Ministry of Education is now trying to fix these problems.
Outstanding student loan debt in the US tops $1.7 trillion, weighing on households more than credit card or auto debt. More than 40 million Americans are in debt for their education, and up to a quarter are insolvent or insolvent.
“The Department of Education will begin to fix years of administrative errors,” US Secretary of Education Miguel Cardona said in a statement Tuesday.
For now, the Biden administration has extended Covid-pandemic-era aid policies and suspended federal payments on student loans until at least September (it has been in effect for more than two years).
When payments are re-enabled, here are some of the changes borrowers will see.
Federal student loan holders can suspend their payments in an option known as forbearance. Each forbearance can last up to a year, and borrowers can take advantage of the relief up to three times. However, interest is accruing on borrowers’ debt during the hiatus, and the companies that service federal student loans have been accused of rushing people there too quickly.
To ease some of the pain of these costly delays, the Department of Education says borrowers who are on the path to loan forgiveness — either through the government loan forgiveness program or an income-based repayment plan — can get some or all of the months they were counted enrolled in them .
Typically, this time is not counted in their list of qualifying payments for debt relief. (Debt forgiveness for those on income-based repayment plans occurs at 20 years or 25 years, and 10 years for those seeking public service loan forgiveness.)
“While we still await additional guidance, the announcement appears to indicate that they will make a one-time adjustment for borrowers who have had either 12 uninterrupted months of discretionary forbearance or 36 months total,” said Betsy Mayotte, president of the Institute of Student Loan Advisors , a non-profit organization.
The change should be automatic, Mayotte said. However, if a borrower has not been in a forbearance for 12 consecutive months or up to 36 months, there is a procedure whereby they can contact the Department of Education Ombudsman to try to count the time anyway, she said.
A shorter time span for forgiveness
It was recently discovered that student loan administrators weren’t tracking the number of payments borrowers had made on income-based repayment plans, said college expert Mark Kantrowitz.
“The remaining debt should be automatically waived,” said Kantrowitz. “But it’s not possible to do this automatically if the credit servicer doesn’t track the number of qualifying payments.”
To address this, the Department of Education will instruct service providers to retrospectively count the number of qualifying payments, he said.
Even if your loans have been on deferral or deferral for a period of time, as mentioned earlier, that time can now be counted. If you were enrolled in a non-earnings-based payment plan, those months may also be applied to your schedule as a result of the review.
Once the changes are made, borrowers should be able to get their new payment count at StudentAid.gov, Kantrowitz said.
A fresh start when you’re behind on your payments
The Biden administration has offered good news to borrowers who were behind on student debt payments before the pandemic. The Department of Education is in the process of pulling these millions of people out of arrears and marking their accounts as current.
The transition to a current state should be automatic for borrowers, Kantrowitz said.
Debt collection activities, including wage garnishment and the offsetting of social security benefits, will also be discontinued. About 30 days after the late payment or default is removed from your credit history, Kantrowitz says you should request a free credit report to make sure the negative note is gone.
https://www.cnbc.com/2022/04/23/millions-of-student-loan-borrowers-are-closer-to-being-debt-free.html Millions of student borrowers have moved closer to being debt free