For California, at the beginning of each new year, a series of new laws come into effect, passed by the state legislature and then signed into law by the governor, currently Gavin Newsom.
Newsom could have a busy year, with insiders tipping him as a possible Democratic Party nominee for the 2024 presidential election, especially if Joe Biden decides not to seek a second term. Recent polls suggest Americans don’t want to see more competition between Donald Trump and Biden.
Newsom’s critics, however, include Kimberly Guilfoyle, his former wife and now engaged to Donald Trump Jr., who earlier this month insisted the governor “won’t make it to the White House.”
In 2022, nearly 1,000 laws will be passed in California that will affect the lives of the state’s residents in a variety of areas.
news week has gone through the new legislation to highlight some of the most notable.
increase in the minimum wage
The California minimum wage is set to rise to $15.50 thanks to the SB 3 (2016) legislation.
Companies that employ more than 15 people are also required to include salary schedules in job postings.
Those with 100 or more employees are also required to send salary data to the state government showing “the mean and median hourly rate for each combination of race, ethnicity and gender within each job category.”
Make jaywalking legal
New legislation means Californians are only breaking the law if they cross the road through an undesignated crossing point if they do so when “a reasonably cautious person would realize there was an imminent risk of collision.”
Expanded access to abortion
It’s been a tough year for abortion rights activists in America since the Supreme Court ruled Roe v. Wade repealed in June, but new legislation to increase access to abortion is scheduled to take effect in 2023.
AB 2223 will provide new protections from criminal prosecution for those who perform an abortion or otherwise lose a baby before birth, while SB 1375 will expand the range of medical personnel authorized to perform abortions. According to the legislation, certified midwives and qualified nurses can perform abortions without a doctor having to oversee the procedure.
Tougher penalties for hateful symbols in schools
AB 2282 introduces harsher punishment for those who use hateful symbols in schools as part of hate crimes. The bill, introduced by Democratic Assembly Representative Rebecca Bauer-Kahan, passed the state Senate by a vote of 39 to zero.
Bauer-Kahan commented, “A noose and a swastika and a flaming cross were treated differently, both where they could be legally placed and how they were treated as punishment. They all had to be treated equally.
“We extended it to schools because we decided that this is a sensitive area where we don’t want, especially our young people, to be terrorized.”
New protection for cyclists
Drivers are now required to change lanes in the same direction when overtaking a cyclist if it is possible “taking into account safety and traffic conditions” and is “workable and not prohibited by law”.
Previously, they only had to keep a distance of at least one meter.
Shooting victims can sue gun manufacturers
As a result of AB 1594, victims of gun violence, along with local prosecutors and the Attorney General, will be given the right to sue firearm manufacturers over the damage their guns caused following a series of mass shootings in the United States in 2022.
Gun rights activists have argued that this legislation undermines the Second Amendment.
Historical beliefs sealed
Most of those convicted of nonviolent and nonsexual offenses are able to have their criminal records permanently sealed after a period of time to help the convicts’ reintegration into California society.
To be eligible, an ex-convict must have served his sentence and committed no other offenses. It will also be possible to seal some violent crime records, but this requires approval from a court.
https://www.newsweek.com/california-new-laws-coming-effect-2023-1770555 New California laws come into effect in 2023